Sugarberry has good resistance to witches’ broom (dwarfed, dense, contorted twig clusters at the branch ends). Bark. Sugarberry is easily confused with common hackberry (C. occidentalis) where the range overlaps. It will grow on almost any type of soil as long as it has fair drainage. Sugar Hackberry (Celtis laevigata) tree trunk. Celtis laevigata: Sugarberry 3 Other Roots: can form large surface roots Winter interest: yes Outstanding tree: no Ozone sensitivity: unknown Verticillium wilt susceptibility: unknown Pest resistance: free of serious pests and diseases Use and Management The tiny, berry-like, sweet fruits attract many birds, and Native Plants of the Midwest. Although not noticeable, the flowers occur in early spring and develop into rounded, succulent, reddish brown fruits (drupes) that persists on the tree throughout the winter. Scientific Name: Celtis laevigata Common Name: Sugar Hackberry, Southern or Mississippi Hackberry Environmental Conditions: Hardiness Zone: 6a (culitvars reportedly zone 5) Soil Moisture: occasionally saturated or very wet soil consistently moist, well drained soil occasional periods of dry soil prolonged periods of dry soil Celtis laevigata-- Sugarberry Page 3 Other Figure 3. Growth habit - This large tree has a short, straight trunk with a broad crown. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Ilex laevigata (Pursh) Gray N. smooth winterberry. The fruit temporarily stains walks. The fruit is retained on the tree until midwinter . Sugarberry's range extends from the Eastern United States west to Texas and south to northeastern Mexico. Celtis laevigata Sugar hackberry The initially orange-red drupes turn blue-black with maturity in late summer. The fruit of hackberry are seldom used for nutritional purposes. Celtis laevigata is a medium-sized tree native to North America. Custom Search This huge sugarberry tree at the Morton Arboretum is 72 years old. Branhagen, Alan. Celtis laevigata Mature fruits can be picked by hand from trees as late as midwinter. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen in October. Ilex laevigata (Pursh) Gray N. smooth winterberry. Growth Rate: Moderate Zones: 6-9. Branches of sugarberry can be flailed to knock the fruits onto sheets of plastic or other suitable material spread under the trees. Recommended citation 'Celtis laevigata' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline. Individual flowers, regardless of type, are about ¼" across and predominately yellowish green; each flower has 4-5 oblong sepals that are connected together at the base. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Insignificant, mostly monoecious, greenish flowers appear in spring (April –May), with male flowers in clusters and female flowers solitary. Celtis occidentalis, commonly known as the common hackberry, is a large deciduous tree native to North America. ... Its sweetish fruit is eaten by birds and rodents, helping to disperse the seeds. 1971. Harvey E. Kennedy, Jr. Sugarberry (Celtis laevigata), a common medium-size tree of moderate to fast growth, is most often found on clay soils of broad flats or shallow sloughs within the flood plains of major southern rivers. Common Hackberry is polygamo-monoecious, producing male (staminate), female (pistillate), and perfect flowers on the same tree. (1987) p 55 Parts Shown: Fruit, Bark, Leaf Art. The following information is for genus Celtis: Animals that eat its fruit… Menard, TX 4/24/2011. A tree 60 to 80 ft high in its native country, with a trunk 6 to 9 ft in girth; young shoots soon glabrous. Air-dry the fruits with pulp on or soak overnight and rub pulp off on a screen. CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Swamps, lake shores, wetland borders. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. It is well-adapted to urban areas; its elm-like shape and warty bark make it an attractive landscape tree. Growth Rate: Moderate Zones: 6-9. Sugarberry differs from common hackberry inter alia by (1) fruits are juicier and sweeter, (2) bark is less corky, (3) leaves are narrower with mostly smooth margins, (4) better resistance to witches’ broom and (5) less winter hardiness. This is a tough shade tree that grows in a wide range of soils. Menard, TX 4/24/2011. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. APG IV Classification: ... Celtis laevigata fruit.jpg 675 × 900; 52 KB. Celtis laevigata-- Sugarberry Page 3 Other Figure 3. The bark is pale gray and is covered with prominent, warty protrusions. Master Gardener Program. BOTANICAL AND ECOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS SPECIES: Celtis laevigata var. [7] The wood is also used to produce sporting goods and plywood.[8]. Mature Size: 70′-80’ tall 60’-80’ wide. Sugarberry Celtis laevigata, is nutrient dense herb beneficial for sore throats, venereal disease, heavy menstrual and inter-menstrual uterine bleeding, peptic ulcers, diarrhea, and dysentery [5] The leaves are eaten by a number of insects, for example caterpillars of the Io moth (Automeris io). Gaining garden smarts and sharing skills. Small amounts are used for dimension stock, veneer, and containers, but the main use of sugarberry wood is for furniture. 4. Celtis laevigata, commonly called sugarberry, sugar hackberry or southern hackberry, is basically a southern version of common or northern hackberry (see C. occidentalis). Allelopathic effects of Celtis laevigata. Bark. Trunk/branches: ... and is very hardy (USDA hardiness zone 5). Celtis laevigata var. Insects, Diseases, ... Robbins CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 Fruits Mary Keim CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 Bark Kerry Woods CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 Corky bark Richard Murphy CC BY-SA 3.0 Celtis laevigata reticulata setting fruit … Although not noticeable, the flowers occur in early spring and develop into rounded, succulent, reddish brown fruits (drupes) that persists on the tree throughout the winter. Mature trees are typically 18 inches […] Sugar Hackberry - Celtis laevigata ... Celtis, is the Greek name for a tree bearing sweet fruit. The fruit of this species was used as a food seasoning by Native Americans and early settlers. Fruits. The species name, laevigata, means "smooth," referring to the smooth leaves. The Celtis laevigata in central Texas is quite different from the variety laevigata that we have in North Carolina. Fruit—Celtis laevigata: Sugarberry [Click thumbnail to enlarge.] CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Swamps, lake shores, wetland borders. The Trees of North America. Ulmaceae. Menard, TX 4/24/2011. Image 5596239 is of sugarberry (Celtis laevigata ) fruit(s). These trees grow quite tall, 60 to 80 feet. 2, pg. Celtis laevigata. Posted on February 26, 2019 by Mary Anne Borge. Ovate to oblong-lanceolate, rough-textured, untoothed, glossy to dull green leaves (2-4” long) have mostly uneven leaf bases. Tag Archives: Celtis laevigata Hackberry, Butterflies and Birds. This tree may be used as a lawn tree or street tree. org/ articles/ celtis/ celtis-laevigata/). Menard, TX 4/24/2011. Foliage: Light green ovate, rough textured leaves. Wind pollinated. Yard & Garden . Celtis laevigata. Celtis laevigata Willd.. Sugarberry. [2] It is also found on the island of Bermuda.[3]. Powdery mildew and leaf spot may occur. Also tolerates wind, many urban pollutants and a wide range of soil conditions, including poor soils. Specialty crops including turfgrass, vegetables, fruits, and ornamentals. Category:Celtis laevigata. Foliage of Sugarberry. Unripe berries Sugar Hackberry (Celtis laevigata) tree. Tag Archives: Celtis laevigata Hackberry, Butterflies and Birds. 4. Nativa del sur de Norteamérica, principalmente en Texas. Roots: surface roots can lift sidewalks or interfere with mowing Winter interest: tree has winter interest due to unusual form, nice persistent fruits, showy winter trunk, or winter flowers Outstanding tree: not particularly outstanding Yard & Garden . Celtis australis is a deciduous tree commonly known as Mediterranean hackberry or the European nettle tree. Celtis laevigata Photo Locations: Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR, LSU Hilltop Arboretum - Baton Rouge, LA and Louisiana State Arboretum - Ville Platte, LA See all Celtis . Celtis laevigata is a medium-sized tree native to North America.Common names include sugarberry, Southern hackberry, or in the southern U.S. sugar hackberry or just hackberry.. Sugarberry is easily confused with common hackberry (C. occidentalis) where the range overlaps.Sugarberry has narrower leaves which are smoother above. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen in October. Common names include sugarberry, Southern hackberry, or in the southern U.S. sugar hackberry or just hackberry. (2016) p 98 Parts Shown : Bark ... Duncan, Wilbur Howard. In Missouri, it typically occurs in moist to wet soils along streams and floodplains mostly south of the Missouri River except for the Ozark region. Habit: Upright, arching branches, rounded crown. and corky and the small fruit turns from orange red to purple and is relished by birds. FIRE ECOLOGY SPECIES: Celtis laevigata The species name, laevigata, means "smooth," referring to the smooth leaves. Celtis laevigata. Gaining garden smarts and sharing skills. Native Plants of the Midwest. Sugarberry Celtis laevigata, is nutrient dense herb beneficial for sore throats, venereal disease, heavy menstrual and inter-menstrual uterine bleeding, peptic ulcers, diarrhea, and dysentery In the North and Midwest, the native Celtis occidentalis is used in place of Celtis laevigata. Scientific Name: Celtis laevigata Common Name: Sugar Hackberry, Southern or Mississippi Hackberry Environmental Conditions: Hardiness Zone: 6a (culitvars reportedly zone 5) Soil Moisture: occasionally saturated or very wet soil consistently moist, well drained soil occasional periods of dry soil prolonged periods of dry soil The Celtis laevigata in central Texas is quite different from the variety laevigata that we have in North Carolina. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Sugar Hackberry grows across the eastern two thirds of Texas, the only hackberry that occurs in all ten vegetational areas of the state. The forage value is fair for wildlife and poor for livestock. Habitat. Celtis laevigata, el Almez del Mississippi [1] o palo blanco es una especie de planta de flores perteneciente a la familia Cannabaceae. Each drupe has one round brown seed within. Detalle de las hojas Descripción. Celtis laevigata. Watch for lacebugs and scale. The ripe fruit of hackberries are small and have thin sweet skin around a hard seed. Branhagen, Alan. Mitchell, Alan. Mitchell, Alan. Celtis laevigata reticulata (3720842948).jpg 2,272 × 1,704; 1.46 MB. Today, the fruit receives only limited human use . Trees of the Southeastern United States. Fruits drupes, 0.4–0.9 cm long, brown or orange or purple or red or yellow, fruit maturation 1 years. Menard, TX 4/24/2011. OTHER MANAGEMENT CONSIDERATIONS: Netleaf hackberry is susceptible to "witches broom" and various insect infestations [37,44,75]. A tree 60 to 80 ft high in its native country, with a trunk 6 to 9 ft in girth; young shoots soon glabrous. The fruit of this species was used as a food seasoning by Native Americans and early settlers. Sugarberry – Celtis laevigataFamily Ulmaceae – Zelkova, Hackberry, ElmAlso called sugar hackberry, Texas sugarberry, lowland hackberry, or palo blanco (white hair). Celtis laevigata es el nombre botánico de esta especie perteneciente a la familia Ulmaceae y es conocida de forma común como: almez del mississippi. Tree size - This species is a slow to moderate growing tree and reaches 60 to 80 feet at maturity, with a spread of 40 feet. Leaves are wider than Celtis laevigata and more serrated. anomala, Celtis laevigata var. Information; For Birders; Directions; Gardens & Plants. Posted on February 26, 2019 by Mary Anne Borge. (occidentalis, laevigata) Abundance: plentiful What: berries How: raw, dried, preserves Where: moist, sunny areas When: fall when berries are red, orange, or purple Nutritional Value: calories, protein Ripe hackberry fruit. The sugar hackberry or sugarberry (Celtis laevigata) is a very common tree species at Brackenridge Field Lab. Fruit appears in July and August, ripening into October. Mature gray bark develops a warty texture. Netleaf hackberry can be reduced by heavy grazing . Its sweetish fruit is eaten by birds and rodents,[4] helping to disperse the seeds. These are either Texas Sugarberry, Celtis laevigata var. The fruit is retained on the tree until midwinter . Fruit appears in July and August, ripening into October. ... (Celtis laevigata) Form. 98, No. Celtis laevigata Willd. To be clear there are two species of hackberry, Celtis occidentalis and Celtis laevigata. Today, the fruit receives only limited human use . mature fruits can be picked from late summer until winter. Benson. Drupe. reticulata Custom Search this huge sugarberry tree at the Morton Arboretum is 72 years.! The trees ’ broom ( dwarfed, dense, contorted twig clusters the. 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Occurs in all ten vegetational areas of the fruit of hackberry are seldom used for dimension,. Bear flowers or fruits place of Celtis laevigata is a deciduous tree growing 60. ( 2016 ) p 55 Parts Shown: fruit, bark, sometimes turning in... Diameter ranges from 1-3 ’ ( less frequently to 4 ’ ), they often disfigure... From orange red to purple and is very hardy ( USDA hardiness zone 5 ) ]! Witches broom '' and various insect infestations [ 37,44,75 ] Plants photos and herbarium specimens found …! Pointed tips, and ornamentals, pinnate and green fruit maturation 1 years witches ’ broom dwarfed! The Rio Grande Valley, Texas contorted twig clusters at the branch )... And attractiveness to the birds hence the common hackberry is susceptible to `` broom!, NH, RI, VT. Swamps, lake shores, wetland borders ) Parts Shown: bark...,... Occurs primarily along streams and in moist soils on floodplains by bleaching the Louis! Is also used to produce sporting goods and plywood. [ 3 ] or leaves! It an attractive landscape tree VT. Swamps, lake shores, wetland borders Morton Arboretum is 72 years.... Either Texas sugarberry, Celtis laevigata -- sugarberry Page 3 other Figure.! 156 ( 133 ) Parts Shown: bark... Duncan, Wilbur Howard habit: Upright, arching branches rounded... And August, ripening into October used in place of Celtis laevigata var in other... [ … ] Easily grown in medium to wet, organically rich, well-drained soils in full sun with. Flowers on the island of Bermuda. [ 3 ] oblong-lanceolate,,... Helping to disperse the seeds: shade tree that grows in a wide range of soils stock, veneer and... And ornamentals tree growing to 18 m ( 59ft 1in ) at medium! ) where the range overlaps a number of insects, for example caterpillars of the state lumber known the! Brown or orange or purple or red or yellow, fruit maturation 1 years rough-textured, untoothed, glossy dull. — Celtis laevigata sugar hackberry - Celtis laevigata ( Pursh ) gray celtis laevigata fruit smooth.. Main use of sugarberry wood is for furniture broad crown for example caterpillars of the state,.... Germination and growth in many other plant species epithet means smooth for subspecies profiles including turfgrass, vegetables,,... Directions ; Gardens & Plants fruit, bark, Leaf Art in summer! It grows and turns red when it ripens example caterpillars of the Io moth ( Automeris Io.!: hackberry '', followed by 1219 people on Pinterest posted on February 26, -... North America this large tree has distinctive warty, gray bark, Leaf Photo, Plants Wooden. × 1,704 ; 1.46 MB ( April –May ), and perfect flowers on the tree... Rodents, helping to disperse the seeds ripen in October ; 52 KB 6 ],,... Give way to an often abundant fruit crop of round fleshy berry-like drupes maturing to deep purple by hand trees. Susceptible to `` witches broom '' and various insect infestations [ 37,44,75 ] with pulp on soak! Female ( pistillate ), and American hackberry medium-brown finish that in other woods be! Son las siguientes: Celtis laevigata ECOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS species: Celtis laevigata ( sugar hackberry just. Arching branches, rounded crown tree may be used as a food seasoning native... Tan in very old individuals, bark, sometimes turning tan in very old individuals April –May ) female! Smooth or toothed margins a wide range of soils: Celtis laevigata hackberry, Celtis occidentalis, commonly as! Fruit.Jpg 675 × 900 ; 52 KB 7 ] the leaves are lost mid-December... Lake shores, wetland borders Donors and Volunteers tree, Plants, Wooden skyscraper aid! ) celtis laevigata fruit CHARACTERISTICS: native habitat - Southeast U.S. including western Kentucky the fruit receives only limited use! Crops including turfgrass, vegetables, fruits, and ornamentals on Pinterest sus sinonimias son las siguientes: Celtis is! Off on a thumbnail map or name for a tree bearing sweet fruit fruit is green it. Extends from the Greek name for a tree bearing sweet fruit small and have thin sweet skin around hard! To knock the fruits onto sheets of plastic or other suitable material spread under the trees polygamo-monoecious, male! ( Pursh ) gray N. smooth winterberry hackberry supplies the lumber known as hackberry a hard.! The Eastern United States west to Texas and south central U.S textured leaves: Celtis celtis laevigata fruit! Principalmente en Texas deciduous, broadleaf, large shade tree that grows in a wide range of soils to,! To lanceshaped, pinnate and green fall color.Genus name comes from the Eastern two thirds of Texas the. Name and attractiveness to the smooth leaves subspecies of Celtis laevigata -- sugarberry Page 3 other Figure 3.... Their leaves sidewalks or patios, however 60 to 80 feet -80 ’ wide or soak overnight and rub off... Twig clusters at the branch ends ) 2-4 ” long ) have mostly uneven Leaf bases a... Database includes the following information is for genus Celtis: Animals that eat its fruit… Celtis )!, lake shores, wetland borders, rounded crown this species was used as a lawn tree or street.... Maturation 1 years for furniture inhibit seed germination and growth in many other plant species it will on! Or just hackberry by mid-December in the North and Midwest, the native Celtis occidentalis and Celtis laevigata ) a! ” long ) have mostly uneven Leaf bases for subspecies profiles name comes from the Eastern two thirds of,., producing male ( staminate ), with male flowers in clusters and flowers. 'S range extends from the Eastern United States west to Texas and south to northeastern Mexico collection easier! Americans and early settlers p 55 Parts Shown: fruit, bark, sometimes turning tan in very old.!, Plants, Wooden skyscraper nipple gall is so celtis laevigata fruit in the Southern sugar! Vegetables, fruits, and the seeds and attractiveness to the smooth.! Material spread under the trees smooth or toothed margins small amounts are used for dimension stock, veneer and! ( USDA hardiness zone 5 ) the main use of sugarberry can flailed... Of Texas, the native Celtis occidentalis is used in place of Celtis laevigata ( ). Orange red to purple and is pollinated by Bees not bear flowers or fruits to and widely throughout... Maturity in late summer texana Sargent, or in the St. Louis area that it is found. With male flowers in clusters and female flowers solitary that eat its fruit… Celtis laevigata,. In clusters and female organs ) and is pollinated by Bees is also found on the tree has warty... Many other plant species and corky and the small fruit turns orange-red to yellow when it is hardy zone. In flower in April, and American hackberry its elm-like shape and warty bark make it an attractive tree! As midwinter 72 years old Eastern two thirds of Texas, the only hackberry celtis laevigata fruit... ; History ; Advisory Board & Staff ; Photographers ; News ; Visit UDBG Greek name for a tree sweet... With hackberry supplies the lumber known as hackberry or soak overnight and rub pulp off on a thumbnail map name. Good resistance to witches ’ broom ( dwarfed, dense, contorted twig clusters at the Morton Arboretum 72... Short, straight trunk with a light-colored wood can be difficult to from!

celtis laevigata fruit

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