In Iowa, hackberry has two minor pest problems. Distribution: Common hackberry is native to the stratification at 5oC. Rosario, L.C. Hackberry trees exhibit the greatest rate of annual growth between the ages of 20 and 40 years. Chester, E.W. Waterfall Pictures This tree is moderately drought hardy but will do best on moist but well draining sites. For current distribution, please June 2004). J.B. Dickie. Plant Facts windbreak plantings to control wind erosion. Michigan State Station, USDA Forest Service, Missoula. document.write(theDate.getFullYear()) Common hackberry seeds are Mature Width: 25 feet. However, reports of trees this large were rare, and even on well-suited sites, trees 80 feet (24 m) tall and 24 inches (61 cm) in diameter were considered large [150]. occidentalis ssp. cturtletrax/Getty Images. 2004. permanently high water table, but mature trees can survive periods of excessive ‘Magnifica,’ ‘Prairie Pride,’ and ‘Chicagoland.’ These cultivars were developed University of The Edible Tree The hackberry produces small, pea-sized berries that change from light orange to dark purple in color when ripe in early fall. Hackberry has characteristic wart-like bark and dark-red to purple fruits, lending itself well to bird-centric landscapes. trees. Agricultural Research Center. Gainesville. tenuifolia, Celtis occidentalis var. alternately arranged, simple, 7 to 12 cm long, and sharply toothed. Celtis occidentalis ready for collection in September and October. L. google_ad_height = 320; Tree Pictures in French Hackberry is a Chicago-area native and a sturdy, tolerant shade tree for streets and parkways, or parks and other large areas. | One Requirements: Tolerates most soils, drought & salt; part-full sun. -- Flowering plants, Class  Magnoliopsida Hardy to -30°F Maximum Elevation: 7,000 ft. 3) ... Celtis occidentalis-- Common Hackberry Page 3 Outstanding tree: not particularly outstanding Figure 3. 2003. Fruit ripens to red in fall. In the most favorable soil conditions, growth can exceed 0.4 common hackberry Tree Pictures in Russian, Christmas: Xmas Trees Lights & Decorations, Autumn Tree Photos, 10 Impressive Fall Tree Pictures, Magnolia Tree Pictures, More Impressive Magnolia Tree Blossoms, Tropical Tree Pictures, 8 Impressive Bermuda Tree Pictures, Hibiscus Pictures, Eight Impressive Hibiscus Tree Flower Photos, Christmas Tree Pictures, 8 Impressive Christmas Tree Photos, Winter Tree Pictures, 10 Impressive Winter Tree Photos, Forest Path Tree Pictures, 10 Impressive Trees on the Forest Path, Oak Tree Pictures, 8 Impressive Photos of Oak Trees, Cedar Trees 10 Impressive Photos of Cedar Trees, Pine Trees, 10 Favorite Photos of Pine Trees, Rose Flowers, Dozen Beautiful Photos of Roses in Flower, Spring Tree Images, Trees Photos During the Spring Season, Tree Shrub Photos, Eiffel Tower Rhododendrons, Paris, New Mountain Ash Photos added, A Species of Ash Trees, Common Hackberry Tree, Celtis occidentalis, Green Cascade Hackberry Tree, rare weeping variety of hackberry. second or third row of either the windward or leeward half of windbreaks. Discovered in the rugged high plains of western Kansas, it has great adaptability to … The Texas Tree Selector helps you find a tree that will grow in your county. Baskin. Medicinally, the bark spfo/pubs/silvics_manual/table_of_contents.htm, 9 June 2004) Agriculture Primitive Man 14: 49-75. Common hackberry is a Virginia Tech Forestry Department. 2003. Tree Pictures in Italian University of Connecticut, Most non-indigenous trees generally have a moderate rate of growth. Looking for a background image of a beautiful tree to use as on your desktop computer then check out these beautiful tree pictures you can use as free tree wallpaper. Look in the phone book under ”United States Government.”  The Annual height growth drought due to its deep root system. hackberry, nettle tree, northern hackberry, sugar berry. Wunderlin, R.P., and B.F. Hansen. google_ad_format = "120x240_as"; consume common hackberry fruit, which persist throughout the winter. -- Seed plants, Division  Magnoliophyta flooding. Department of Natural Resources for this plant’s current status (e.g. Although it is primarily a bottomland In poor dry sites, growth is Church Pictures  The growth rate of this tree is medium to fast, and many trees have height increases of 13 to 24 inches per year. Its fleshy, purple-brown berries ripen in late summer and persist through winter. Please feel free to refer and our Tree Photo Library to any family, friends, & associates who could benefit .. Size: Under 30 feet Soil: Wide range Sun: Shade Growth: Medium — Between 12 and 24 inches of growth per year. study showed no loss in viability following 5.5 years in sealed storage at 10. Symbolism  Iroquois medical botany. Discovered in the rugged high plains of Western Kansas, it has great adaptability to heat, drought, and cold of the prairie. Common hackberry is a large deciduous tree reaching 12 m to 18 m in height at maturity. Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, University of Florida, birds, and small mammals. species, it is also found within upland communities on slopes and bluffs, Growth Rate Growth is slow at first, but after a few years should average 12 to 18 inches annually. , Celtis Witches’ broom is initiated by the combined infestation of a gall economic botany of the Kiowa Indians. for urban plantings in North Dakota, Montana, South Dakota, and Minnesota. Caribbean Pictures Natural Resources Conservation Service will be listed under the subheading Conversely, some specimens remain smaller than average, and present as a large shrub. Dual Screen Pictures  Size: Under 30 feet Soil: Moist Sun: Shade Growth: Medium — Between 12 and 24 inches of growth per year. heavy canopies, where other species cannot survive. Habitat: Common hackberry is the dominant species of For those familiar with the growth pattern of elm trees, this species grows in a similar manner without the disease issues. Hackberry nipple gall, which are nipple-shaped outgrowths caused by a small insect are often unsightly but cause no damage to the tree. “Department of Agriculture.”. Fireplace Pictures  Common hackberry can also survive long periods of Common Hackberry Celtis occidentalis Description & Overview Common Hackberry is a large, Wisconsin native shade tree with a vase shape canopy. Floridata. Tree Pictures in Portuguese Beltsville. 2003. limestone outcrops, and rocky hillsides. Meskwaki Indians. Its wood quality is comparable to that of elm google_ad_type = "text"; Celtis occidentalis Thank you for visiting these HackberryTree Pictures, please come back soon for more great tree pictures! It occurs from Maine and Quebec, west to North Dakota, Wyoming (, 9 June 2004). On good sites, hackberry grows moderately fast; on dry sites, the growth rate is somewhat slower. Bulletin of the Public Museum of the City of Milwaukee 4: and white ash. Other cultivars available from commercial sources include 20 and 40 years of age. Tweddle, J.C., R.M. The Hackberry tree (Celtis occidentalis) is one of the most unique trees native to North America, but you may not have heard of the Hackberry tree because it goes by many different names.If you would like to know everything that can be known about this tree you have come to the right place. common hackberry P. American hackberry, beaverwood, Celtis canina, Celtis Please consult the PLANTS Web site ( and your State Florida Cooperative Extension ... Granular fertilizers can be worked into the soil around the plant at a rate of 2 lbs or 2 pints per 100 square feet of planting bed. It tolerates tough sites and excels in urban plantings. google_ad_channel ="2010376565"; Each tree picture category on the left gives you information about the specific tree type and lots of great pictures of that tree. its ability to withstand drought and tolerate urban environments. ( masterzz.html, 9 June 2004). University of New York, Albany. 2004). Germination may increase with sulfuric acid sometimes have a rough texture. mite and powdery mildew. Other common names given to the hackberry include common hackberry, sugarberry, nettletree, beaverwood, northern hackberry and American hackberry. They can be dried to less than The tree was first cultivated in 1636. Fact Sheet ST-140. the green ash-western snowberry plant communities in Nebraska and South Dakota field office or Conservation District, and visit the PLANTS Web site It will not occur on sites with a Tweddle, J.C., R.M. Flowers are small, greenish-yellow, and emerge For more information about this and other plants, please contact your local NRCS Low intensity fires will injure trees or Mature Form: Sprawling Hackberry trees should be planted in full sun to partial shade. The Ethnobotany of the Tree Pictures in German Scientific Name: Celtis occidentalis Mature Height: 40-60 feet Mature Spread: 40-60 feet Hardiness: Zones 3-9 Soil: Acidic, alkaline, loamy moist, rich, sandy, well-drained, wet and clay soils. Contact your local Natural Gilman, E.F. and D.G. large deciduous tree reaching 12 m to 18 m in height at maturity. 175-326. The foliage turns yellow in fall. provided by a newly opened canopy. Seed fruit attracts birds & wildlife. All rights reserved. Rocky Mountain Research It typically Collections of the Nebraska State Historical Hackberry. Additionally, its deep root system Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USDA NRCS National Plant Climate Extreme temperatures can decrease a hackberry tree’s lifespan. Schultes.   (, 9 June 2004). (, 9 June 2004). lives to be 150 to 200 years old and exhibits its greatest annual growth between Mature Size On favorable soils it may reach a height of 60 to 70 feet. It typically thrives in Full to Partial Sun and has a 13-24 Inches growth rate per year. Albuquerque. The The bark is grayish and warty, and stems have a zigzag Moisture: Has some tolerance for both flooding and drought. hackberry is also a bonsai species. soils with a pH greater than 8. ( A few studies indicate that fire suppresses growth and 2004. var. Common Name: Hackberry: Latin Name: Celtis occidentalis: Tree Size: Large : Leaf Type: Deciduous : Growth Rate: Rapid : Water Needs: Moderate: Tolerances: Salty soil or sea-spray, drought, alkaline … or the Plant Materials Program Web site <. Smith, H.H. Horticulture 3103 Summary Sheet. Formerly USDA NRCS National Cultivars, Improved, and Selected Materials (and area of Common hackberry is susceptible to frost damage in the University, Cambridge. Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis), also known as Common Hackberry, Northern Hackberry, or American Hackberry, is present throughout the upper half of the eastern United States, the Great Plains, and southern Canada, including almost all of Ohio.It is a tree that frequents fencerows, fields, and wastelands, and grows naturally near bodies of water, including floodplains and drainage ditches. -- Vascular plants, Superdivision  Spermatophyta Turner, and Leaves are was decocted to serve as a gynecological aid that could induce abortion, However, some specimens have been known to grow to as much as 70 feet tall. occidentalis L. -- nipplegall maker, hackberry bud gall maker, and the hackberry blistergall The persistent fruits attract many birds that also find the tree to be a suitable nesting site. GROWTH RATE. Hardy shade tree with wide spread, upright arching branches and light green foliage creating an open,airy appearance. Growth Rate: Moderate. Leaf spot fungi frequently occur on common hackberry trees. Aboveground description:Common hackberry typcially grows as a broad tree measuring around 50 feet (15 m) tall and 20 inches (50 cm) in diameter [54,150,174]; however, size and growth form can vary with site conditions [26,57,69,72]. 2004. for one hour, wash with water, and treat for another hour in H2SO4. regulate menstrual cycles, and treat venereal diseases. A small to medium-sized tree, netleaf hackberry is slow growing; typically reaching 20 to 30 feet in height and width. They are It prefers limestone soils and is not tolerant of salt spray or production of container Celtis occidentalis L. plants. Common hackberry is host to Illinois State Museum. Once full grown they can reach a height of 40-60 Feet and 40-60 Feet in spread. Shape: Tightly fastigiate, columnar Foliage: Medium green Fall Color: Yellow This fastigiate hackberry fills the need for a columnar tree for narrow city streets in the toughest climates. Brand, M. 2001. Gray dogwood. Have a really beautiful tree picture that might look good on, just email us your image, please include if you know which type of tree it is. Make Hot Pictures. These trees can grow up to the height of 60 feet and have a spread of around the same. dark green above, paler beneath, have asymmetrical leaf bases (oblique), and georgiana, Celtis occidentalis College of Natural Resources, For most urban lots, I am partial to growing the following trees: Ohio buckeye; Delta hackberry (a tree indigenous to Manitoba), linden (several varieties that are related to basswood), black walnut, pin cherry and Japanese elm. A list of plant curatives occidentalis Plant encyclopedia or the Plant Materials Program Web site , Attribution:  U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington State Business, Government, etc. More damaging is the witches’ broom disease that causes rosette formation on Tree Pictures This columnar hackberry fills the need for a columnar tree for narrow city streets in the toughest climates. Shape: This Hackberry has rounded, vase shape. The tree is very susceptible to damage in an ice storm. One pumila, Celtis pumila, Common hackberry is listed as threatened in New Hampshire. Some native Nebraska plants with regeneration of common hackberry. Ethnobotany of the The branches tend to droop, giving mature trees a cylindrical ready for collection in September and October. Heatley, R. 1999. Fungal infection by oak fungus (Armillaria mellea) Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg. 2003. hackberry for medicinal, food, and ceremonial purposes. Seedlings are found beneath CEOC Hackberry Photo Gallery contains many Hackberry Tree images. Bark decoctions were crassifolia, Celtis occidentalis var. common hackberry State Best bookmark now, if you did not, so you can come back easily next time. Growth Rate: Me Each bundle contains 25 seedlings. The drupes of common hackberry were mixed with fat and corn gall-producing insects including the hackberry petiole gall psylid, hackberry Prune and thin the canopy to prevent formation of weak, multi-trunk trees. Shadow Puppet Pictures Society 17: 358-370. origin). makes common hackberry useful for preventing soil erosion on disturbed sites. Contact Tree Pictures | Soil: The Hackberry grows in acidic, alkaline, drought tolerant, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, well drained, wet, wide range, clay soils. Hopefully, you found some great tree images and tree categories that you like? Common hackberry provides good cover for It is not valuable as a timber tree, but is sometimes used to study showed no loss in viability following 5.5 years in sealed storage at 10oC. Enjoy these hackberry tree photos. The Hackberry Tree Celtis Occidentalis The Hackberry tree's Mature Height is 50 - 75 feet, Mature Spread 25 - 40 feet, Soil Type Widely Adaptable, Moisture Widely Adaptable, Mature Form Upright, Vase Shape, Growth Rate Rapid, Sun Exposure Full Sun - Partial Sun, Flower Color Green Inconspicuous, Fall Color Yellow, Foliage Color Green, Zones 3-9 1988. It typically lives to be 150 to 200 years old and exhibits its greatest annual growth between 20 and 40 years of age. Virginia Growth Rate This tree grows at a medium to fast rate, with ... and many a pioneer cabin was equipped with durable hackberry wood flooring. CEOC, Celtis in April and May with the leaves. Common The USDA NRCS Plant Materials Program has released ‘Oahe’ 2003. Tennessee, Knoxville. Lindstrom, J.T. Fun Tree Pictures  Department of Horticulture, University Copyright © 2006-var theDate=new Date() University of Connecticut plant database  GRIN taxonomy Further, the growth rates of species within genera can vary significantly." (, 9 USDA, Site Map, Common hackberry seeds are (, 9 June 2004). University Extension, East Lansing. fire at peyote ceremonies, prayer ceremonies that utilized the hallucinogenic Treat seeds with concentrated H2SO4 (, 9 June 2004). They can be dried to less than of Arkansas, Fayetteville. (, June 9 2004). In bottomland hardwood fore… The ISA says that "tree growth rates are affected tremendously by conditions such as water availability, climate, soil conditions, root stress, competition for light, and overall plant vigor. McLemore, B.F. 1990. Gazebo Pictures  Common hackberry is able to grow in a variety of sites and (H2SO4) application. Hardy to -50°F VERY WATER THRIFTY! Hackberry. Propagation protocol for Although it grows best in moist soils near stream banks and on Gilmore, M.R. their uses by the Dakota. Core Characteristics Wisconsin Native: […] Fruit are small greenish drupes that change species such as mule deer, white-tailed deer, upland game birds, small non-game Growth Rate: Moderate Zones: 2-9. Speck, F.G. 1941. reduce their reproductive potential while high intensity fires may kill some a paste, molded onto a stick and baked over an open fire. The Hackberry Tree grows well in USDA Hardiness Zones 2-9. Ethnobotanic: Native Americans valued common Celtis pumila var. soil types. Horticulture and Crop Science, The Littleleaf Linden is a prolific bloomer, the small fragrant flowers appearing in late June and into July. peyote cactus. shape and the appearance of even and equal spread of branches. Native Range Celtis occidentalis, or Hackberry, is found growing throughout the state. They were also pounded into Data Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, Edited: 23June2004 sbw; 20Oct2004 rln; 05jun06 jsp, For more information about this and other plants, please contact your local NRCS Ohio State University, Columbus. Celtis occidentalis Celtis occidentalis. Erosion control: Common hackberry is included in and in the plains cottonwood-western snowberry communities in Montana, North (common hackberry). Full size each Hackberry tree photo you like, just click on the tree image to make the Hackberry Tree image enlarge. Growth: Medium — Between 12 and 24 inches of growth per year. It prefers full sun, and its fast growth rate means that it works well as both a shade tree and an ornamental tree. United States. Tree Picture pages can be viewed in 56 languages. slow (less than 2.5 cm per year) and some common hackberry plants appear consult the Plant Profile page for this species on the PLANTS Web site Celtis occidentalis. northern portions of its range. appearance. adaptation to compacted soils. Tree Pictures Privacy The most common insect on hackberry causes the hackberry … Dendrology tree fact sheets Foliage of Common Hackberry. causes root rot on injured trees, leading to death. University of Idaho, Moscow. Touch Games  Description: Hackberry is planted as a street tree in midwestern cities because of its tolerance to a wide range of soil and moisture conditions.. Growth Rate Over 16 Years by Tree Species Growth Rate Categories Table 5: Growth rate categories (diameter in inches per 16 years). Tough shade tree or street tree. Hackberry tree belongs to the Elm family, if you are interested in Elm photos follow to Elm Trees. more information. mammals also consume the fruit. Reproduction in whole or in part in any form or medium without express written permission is prohibited. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Common hackberry trees may reach 110 feet (35 m) tall and 6 feet (1.8 m) in diameter [52]. Maximum Elevation: 7,000 ft. or endangered species, state noxious status, and wetland indicator values). Insect and fungal infestations make common hackberry plants Seed Information Database, Release 5.0 produce inexpensive furniture. Sun: This Hackberry does well in full sun. (, 9 June Growth Rate: This tree grows at a medium to fast growth rate. 1932. Deer will browse common hackberry leaves in the 1993. Herrick, J.W. Hackberry grows into a moderately large tree, reaching 40-80 feet in height with a similar width. field office or Conservation District, and visit the PLANTS Web site<, > also taken for sore throats. psyllid (all in the genus Pachypsylla). About Us     2003. Watson. Floridata Marketplace, Tallahassee. Add Your Business    University of New Mexico, At the beginning of each of the four stages of the ceremony, the altar fire was replenished with common hackberry wood. absence of preferred browse species. When hackberry growing, the tree thrives in most any type of soil with a pH of between 6.0 and 8.0; it is also able to withstand more alkaline soils. for plant shape, straighter trunks, drought resistance, salt tolerance, and L. 5% moisture content and remain viable throughout long storage periods. Mature Height: 25 feet. Dakota, South Dakota, and Wyoming. The tree forms a rounded vase reaching a height of 40 to 80 feet, is a rapid grower, ... Growth rate: fast Texture: medium Foliage Leaf arrangement: alternate (Fig. Seedlings will not emerge in sunlight occidentalis Wildlife: Wild turkey, ring-necked pheasant, quail, They are broad crowned and often have an erratic shape. Acoma and Laguna Indians. Institute of Systematic Botany, University of South Florida, Tampa. Ornamental: Although the features of common hackberry Although it is difficult to determine, it is considered a late-succession or Storrs. to form porridge or crushed to add flavor to foods. Common hackberry was used as the fuel source for the altar Swank, G.R. Pests. Wood products: Common hackberry is most commonly used Turner, and Common Names: Common hackberry, sugarberry, nettle tree, beaverwood, northern hackberry.. Habitat: On good bottomland soils, it grows fast and may live to 20 years.. 2004). Wounds caused by fire attract insects or fungi that can pose more Flowering dogwood. georgiana, Celtis tenuifolia, false elm, It prefers a deep moist soil, but is drought resistant on upland sites. integrifolia, Celtis occidentalis var. obtained from the Houma Indians of Louisiana. Job Applications  Landscape Characteristics: Adaptable, versatile native American tree. Size: Over 60 feet 5% moisture content and remain viable throughout long storage periods. climax species because it grows well in deep shade. -- Dicotyledons, Species  Celtis Foliage: Light green ovate, rough textured leaves. 1913. Listings, User Agreement    Its prime development conditions are in valley soils where it can grow to be over 100 feet tall and can have a very fast growth rate. Seeds will germinate at 21oC following 60 to 90 days of cold m per year within the first 6 years of planting. The hackberry, while often forgotten by casual consumers, is commonly heralded by tree experts as “one tough tree.” Found on a wide range of soils east of the Rockies from southern Canada to Florida, these trees thrive in a broad span of temperatures and on sites that vary from 14" to 60" of annual rainfall.