Males have yellow eyes while the females have red eyes. CLASS Aves ORDER Cathartiformes FAMILY Cathartidae . Evaluating the importance of native prey species to the diet of Andean condors in the high Andes of northwestern Argentina. Evaluating the importance of native prey species to the diet of Andean condors in the high Andes of northwestern Argentina. These eggs weigh around 280 grams (9.9 oz), with the length measuring at 75 to 100 mm (3.0 to 3.9 inches). The chick does not breed itself until it is at least six years old. Their range extends from Columbia into Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina. Andean Condors, like other vultures, are principally carrion eaters, which means they eat animals that are already dead. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Animals.NET aim to promote interest in nature and animals among children, as well as raise their awareness in conservation and environmental protection. Outside of the breeding season, huge flocks of condors sometime congregate. The Andean Condor (Vultur gryphus) is the largest representative of the six species of South American vultures in the carrion-eating family known as Carthatidae. Andean Condor Peak komt uit Mendoza (Argentinië), het economisch hart van de Argentijnse wijnbouw. Females have red eyes and no caruncle. While they do sometimes hunt small animals, condors feed only on large animals that are already dead. If Andean condors do not consume a nutritionally balanced and formulated carnivore diet, additional mineral and vitamin supplementation may also be warranted using a commercial product that is designed to supplement slab meat without bones or whole prey. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. Het wijnbedrijf … The males generally weigh around 11 to 15 kg (24 to 33l lb), with the weight of the females is about 8 to 11 kg (18 to 24 lb). It is by far one of the largest and longest-lived birds with a lifespan of about 100 years in captivity. Carnivorous. The size of the female is smaller as compared to the males. Vultures are masters of air currents and heat thermals. It doesn’t help that farmers try to shoot them whenever they see them, because they wrongly think the birds will eat their livestock. The size of the female is smaller as compared to the males. Gorged condors have been easily captured by Indians and others who know that a sated condor is unable to take off and fly. Both the Andean Condor and California Condors are extremely powerful, have diverse skills and a huge competition for each other. In inland areas, they prefer large carcasses, such as those of dead farm animals or wild deer, while their diet consists mainly of beached carcasses of marine mammals when near the coast. Incas believed the condor was a sacred bird and represented the idea of heaven. 7. In a single day, they can fly as far a 300 km (180 miles) in search of food. One of those threats is consumption of bullets. They are also the inhabitants of Columbia, Venezuela, with some species inhabiting in Chile, Bolivia, Argentine, Peru, Ecuador, and Tierra del Feugo. We analysed . Their feathers are black and gray, and they have a white cuff around the top of their necks. Andean Condor information through the AZA's SSP. Males are also larger than females and they have a comb on top of their heads. The condor can detect its food by the smell of gas emanating from the decomposition of a carcass. These scavengers feed on the carcasses of wild and domestic animals and preform a necessary function in the eco-system of clean up crew. Animal food, Sample Diet:Two sample diets for Andean condors are listed below in Table 3. It is no question that this species is imposing. Diet Andean condors are scavengers and eat primarily carrion, or dead or decaying flesh. Facts about the andean condor. Andean Condor Lifespan: The average lifespan of an Andean condor is about 50 – 60 years in the wild. Just like their northern neighbors, the California condors, Andean condors face human threats. They are also attracted to large congregations of othe… There are white blotches on its wings. These condors live in rocky, mountainous regions, usually at high elevation. The evaporating urine cools them. Usually, several condors gather at a single carcass. Pesticide poisoning through the … The body covering of the Andean condor is black feathers with some white feathers towards the end. California condor is predominantly black with white lineages underside wings. The high dependence of Andean condors on livestock across a large geographical area, and landfills in more (sub)urban areas, may help stabilize their populations via anthropogenic resources subsidies. The chick is helpless at birth, and the parents tend to its care for an extremely long period of time. Wiki User Answered . Andean condors are thermal soarers, which means that they rise with the air current, helping them spot carcasses from great heights and descend upon them without wasting much energy. However, some people who live in condor habitat have reported that these large birds occasionally also take newborn animals, such as cows and goats. These birds are normally found in the Andes Mountains and western South America. They locate dead animals by the gas which emits through their dead bodies. Males are slightly larger than females, have brown eyes and a caruncle (a fleshy comb) on top of the head. Andean condors do not carry their food away, but feed on the ground. ... High mountains over open grasslands and alpine regions, lowland desert regions, and plains . Thanks to its long flight, the condor can travel long distances in scarce time to search for food. Andean condors require open areas to descend to feed (Houston, 1994, Lambertucci et al., 2018), and forage predominantly at midday (Alarcón et al., 2017). RELATIVE SIZE: This bird is a very big bird. In fact, these birds are actually resistant or immune to many deadly diseases, like rabies, tuberculosis, anthrax, and salmonella. Some Andean cultures believed that the bones and organs of the Andean condor possessed medicinal powers, sometimes leading to the hunting and killing of condors to obtain its bones and organs. In reality, the condors feeding on the livestock likely came across it after it was dead, and did none of the killing themselves. The head and the neck are reddish-brown in color and are enclosed by the ruff of white feathers. Today, that proportion has dropped to just eight percent. The Andean Condor is the national symbol and national bird of many South American Countries like Colombia, Ecuador, Chile, and Bolivia. We hypothesized that, after the decrease in marine mammals and the increase in … There are various representations and symbolic references to Andean condors across South American culture and heritage, particularly throughout the Andes Mountains. The head of the bird is bald and doesn't have near as many feathers on its head. In certain occasions it can get to hunt small animals. The Andes, Andes Mountains or Andean Mountains (Spanish: Cordillera de los Andes) are the longest continental mountain range in the world, forming a continuous highland along the western edge of South America.The range is 7,000 km (4,350 mi) long, 200 to 700 km (124 to 435 mi) wide (widest between 18° south and 20° … Basically known to reside in the mountainous range of South America including Andes Mountains and Santa Marta Mountains. The color of the neck and head alters according the birds’ mood. Diet Carrion (dead animals) Weight MALE 24 - 33 lbs. In 1987, only 21 Guam Rails remained after their population was nearly driven to extinction by an invasive species. De wijngaarden van dit domein liggen op de bergvoeten van de Andes. They eat carrion from large and small mammals in their territory. The chick fledges, or learns how to fly, when it is six or seven months old. Charles Darwincommented on having w… The Andean condor displays sexual dimorphism-- this is when animals of the same species have different body forms based on biological sex. Unlock thousands of full-length species accounts and hundreds of bird family overviews when you subscribe to Birds of the World. The neck, feet, and legs of Andean condors are unfeathered. They are known to travel vast distances of about 200 km (120 miles) in quest of carrion. Andean Condors are carnivores. The base of the neck is bordered by the white feathers and is commonly notable in male species. This species, like most vultures and condors, is diurnal and active during the day. Juveniles take 6-8 years to reach adulthood. They are capable to go by quite a number of days without food. This condor is present in folklore and art from several regions in South America. Photograph by Anne Keiser Map Map: Andean condor range Andean Condor Range Fast Facts Type: Bird Diet: Carnivore Size: Body, 4 ft (1.2 m); wingspan, up to 10.5 ft (3. The Guam Rails were rescued and brought into human care in a last ditch effort to save the species. The Andean Condor lives around 50 years, outpaced 10 years by its New World vulture cousin – the California Condor – which has a … Andean condors lack of feathers on its head, allowing them to radiate heat away from the body which keeps the birds from overheating. Some of their favorite foods are deer, sheep, goats, pigs, donkeys, horses, bears, cattle, and cougars. Saving Species. In reality, these birds help keep the ecosystem and the world clean and free of disease. The scientific and conservationist community affirms (generally) that the Andean Condor is a scavenger animal that only occasionally hunts small mammals. The lack of a large sternum to anchor its correspondingly large flight muscles physiologically identifies it as primarily being a soarer. These birds use their feet more frequently for walking instead of killing their prey. In inland areas, they prefer large carcasses, such as those of dead farm animals or wild deer, while their diet consists mainly of beached carcasses of marine mammals when near the coast. Andean condor relies on captive breeding programs. In zoos, this species works as a wonderful ambassador to their wild counterparts. To conserve energy on these long flights, condors make good use of rising hot air currents called "thermals" to keep them aloft and reduce the need to flap their wings. Asked by Wiki User. They eat carrion from large and small mammals in their territory. These birds do not build any nest, but lay their egg on a cliff or in a small cave on the ground. As in other vultures, the Andean condor exhibits naked head and neck. Diet. The Andean condor is part of four national shields, where it represents different values: Bolivia (boundaryless pursuit), Chile (strength), Colombia (liberty and order), and Ecuador (power, grandeur, and valeur). The male possesses a large comb over his head that the female condor lacks. Not only do they feed on the remains of mountain animals, they also feed on seals and whale carcasses. Andean Condors are carnivores. Andean condor feeding. Andean Condors may travel 150 miles a day in search of food and they often feed in groups. Andean Condors search for prey by soaring far and wide, using their keen eyesight to spot a meal. Condors have a lot of endurance! 2015-08-05 10:17:06 2015-08-05 10:17:06. 24-nov-2020 - Bekijk het bord 'Andean condor' van Nancy, dat wordt gevolgd door 130 personen op Pinterest. ... 4.5.3 Type of Diet. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. Another important role for zoo condors is captive breeding programs. Condors will hunt live prey if they have to, but this is very rare. The length of Andean condor measures around 10 to 130 cm (39 to 51 inches). Answer. Their size alone makes them incredibly impressive, and these birds have interesting traits and behavior as well. Humans have not domesticated Andean condors in any way. The Andean condor is featured in one of Chile’s most popular comics. 6. More What is the diet of the Andean condor? All photos used are royalty-free, and credits are included in the Alt tag of each image. Once the breeding season begins, the pairs break off to find their own nesting sites. Across the entire study area, cows represented the largest component of diet (24–49%), followed by sheep (16–26%), and lagomorphs (5–26%). The eggs are normally laid in the months of February and March. Andean condor's are the largest birds found in the Americas and can be found in Northern South America, Argentina, and Chile. Mainly carrion. By eating carcasses before they begin to decompose and putrefy, condors and vultures prevent diseases from multiplying and spreading. The regional variation may make the California condor the winner. Wild condors inhabit large territories, often traveling more than 200 km (120 mi) a day in search of carrion. Andean condors’ wings measure over 10.5 feet across from tip to tip. The population of Andean condor faced a dramatic decline since the beginning of the 19th century. Bekijk meer ideeën over roofvogels, vogels, andescondor. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Condors are vultures so they are carrion birds. These flock often roost together on cliffs or large trees. The oldest specimen died at the age of 72 years. The Andean Condor is the national symbol of Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. We first investigated if Andean condors shifted their diets in relation to the decline of Masters of Hot Air. Unlike vultures, which have an impeccable sense of smell, these condors rely heavily on sight to locate food. Where is Andean Condor found? Though rarely, these species are also found in the lowland desert areas of eastern Bolivia and Brazil. Andean condors are scavengers and eat primarily carrion, or dead or decaying flesh. Diet: Carrion. Their excellent eyesight allows them to seek out dead or dying animals while hovering high in the sky. The hatching period lasts for 54 to 58 days. Predators of Andean condor’s eggs are foxes and birds of prey. Diet ~ The Andean Condor is a scavenger, feeding mainly on carrion. Find out other interesting facts about the Andean condor that you probably didn’t know. For centuries people have vilified them because we associate them with death. Each species account is written by leading ornithologists and provides detailed information on bird distribution, migration, habitat, diet, sounds, behavior, breeding, current … Our study shows that the Andean condor depends heavily (98.5%) on The Andean condor (Vultur gryphus) is a New World vulture.. This species lives along the western coast of South America, primarily throughout the Andes Mountains. The wingspan ranges from 270 to 320 cm (8.9 to 10.5 ft). CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. Andean Condor vs Red Throated Diver both are quite different from each other and hence can be compared based on their characteristics. Many farmers shoot these birds because they mistakenly believe the condors kill their livestock. Get to know about Andean Condor, their habitat and diet,  read out these interesting Andean Condor Facts. They are known to live up to 50 years or more in the wild. With their hooked beak they are qualified enough to tear any prey that comes under its talons. With a wingspan of over 3 meters (10 feet), the Andean Condor is considered the largest flying bird in the world. It is by far one of the largest and longest-lived birds with a lifespan of about 100 years in captivity. Specifically they feed on carrion which is the remains of dead animals. 0 1 2. Our study shows that the Andean condor depends heavily (98.5%) on exotic herbivores. Sadly, persecution and lead poisoning aren’t the only dangers these birds face. Along the neck there is a line of white feathers. Both parents incubate the egg for about two months. Andean condors are large scavenging birds. Their wingspan averages 9 - 10'. Andean condors are sexually dimorphic (2 distinct gender forms). Condors are vultures, so they keep their sharp eyes peeled for the carrion that makes up most of their diet. We evaluated the diet by means of stable isotope analysis (δ 13 C, δ 15 N and δ 34 S) of current (last decade) and historical … We hypothesized that, after the decrease in marine mammals and the increase in human use of coastlines, condor diet changed to a more terrestrial diet, which in turn influenced their foraging patterns. They often inhabit regions with vast open fields or meadows, near the mountains and the coasts of South America. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. Diet Andean Condors mainly feed on carrion and they soar at altitudes up to 5,500 m (18,000 ft) when searching for food. It is one of the few living birds which have a long lifespan. It is found in South America in the Andes.. They are quite social birds, and they form monogamous pairs. Their diet was made up of c. 51% sheep/goat, 24% hare/rabbit, 17% red deer and 6% cow/horse, with only 2% other mammal species. In the Andes, the native people associated this species with the sun deity, as a symbol of health and power. Andean condors preferably roost at an elevation of about 3,000 to 5,000 (9,800 to 16,000 feet). Read on to learn about the Andean condor. Like other vultures, condors will urinate on their legs in very hot weather. Wingspan: 10 feet. With a wingspan of ten feet, the Andean condor is one of the world’s largest flying birds. All scavengers, particularly vultures and condors, are extremely important animals. Andean Condor Vultur gryphus. The middle toe is stretched out as compared to one at the back. One such ambassador is Andy N. Condor of the Tracy Aviary, who has a massive social media following. 4.5.4 Diet … Andean Condor Facts for Kids – video Brown Pelican Facts – Brown Pelicans Habitat – Brown Pelicans Diet. Baby condors are cared for by both the mother and father and leave the parents sometime in the second year of life. Weight: 33 pounds. The clutch size comprises 1 to 2 bluish eggs. Diet: Carrion (carcasses of already dead animals). As mentioned earlier, these birds are scavengers by nature and they primarily feed on carrion. The condor soars with its wings held horizontally and its primary feathers bent upwards at the tips. We studied Andean condor space use and diet under the hypothesis that the current spatial patterns of condors from the western Andes range in northwestern Patagonia (Chile) have been influenced by a historical, largely marine-based diet. Unlock thousands of full-length species accounts and hundreds of bird family overviews when you subscribe to Birds of the World. Length: 43–50 inches. Subsistence farmers recognize that the condor eats dead animals. Lambertucci says the change in diet can be explained by the massive reductions in marine mammal populations over the past century and by an increasing human use … this region, condor diet should have changed to a more ter-restrial makeup, which in turn influenced their movement patterns. The habitat of the Andean Condor specifically in the big and lofty … Andean condor diet is strongly influenced by local conditions determining differential access to prey sources. The Andean Condor is a new world vulture. P. L. Perrig The Andean Condor (Vultur gryphus), the largest flying bird in the New World and an emblematic animal of South America, is declining in abundance range-wide and critically endangered at the … The Andean Condor (Vultur gryphus) is a South American bird that belongs to the New World vulture family Cathartidae, and is the only living member of the genus Vultur.Although it’s numbers are dwindling in the country, the Andean Condor is actually the national animal of Colombia. Their diet primarily includes large land mammals, but condors have been seen feeding on the carcasses of seals and whales near the coast. However, under captivity they can survive up to 100 years. With a predominant nature of scavenger, Andean condor feeds on carrion, deer and cattle. The chicks begin to fly after a period of 180 days. They also think that the Andean Condor is capable of killing live animals livestock and even livestock of a few months of life. Their heads are quite fleshy, and males also have a crest or comb on top of their head. They have also been known to raid the nests of other … P. L. Perrig The Andean Condor (Vultur gryphus), the largest flying bird in the New World and an emblematic animal of South America, is declining in abundance range-wide and critically endangered at the northern half of its distribution. Considered the ‘largest flying bird in the world’ an adult Andean Condor’s wingspan can reach up to 3.2 meters (10.5 feet) and weigh up to 15 kg (33 pounds). For the most part, they live only within the mountain range, or in close proximity to it. California Condor Facts. These types of condors inhabit in open grasslands and are known to live at an elevation of about 5,000 m (16,000 feet). They are closely related to the North American California condor. In the north, its range begins in Venezuela and Colombia, where it is extremely rare, then continues south along the Andes in Ecuador, Peru, and Chile, through Bolivia and western Argentina to the Tierra del Fuego.. Its … The condor has huge wings and the wing span is about 320 cm wide. Chicken, Grouse, Turkeys, etc (Galliformes), Condors and New World vultures (Cathartiformes), Hawks, Eagles, Old World vultures etc (Accipitriformes), Loons, Penguins, Herons, Pelicans, Storks, etc (Aequornithes). Andean condors are massive birds that live in South America. I had to carry the appropriate bait and my photographic equipment over Chilean Andean mountains at an elevation of 3,000 m (9842.52 ft) to access a cliff known to have Condors riding the thermals. Diet. FEMALE 17 – 24 lbs Height 3.2 - 4.2 feet Wingspan Up to 10.5 feet Incubation 56 - … Usually though, they feed on carcasses of animals. november 12, 2020 • 17:23 The birth of a living being is always an amazing moment.And on this occasion, a video in which you can see the arrival of an Andean condor was no exception. Only a few species of seabirds, including the wandering albatross, can surpass this massive bird’s wingspan. Zookeepers help educate guests about lead ammunition, and why vultures and condors are so important to the ecosystem around them. – What Do California Condors Eat? The Andean Condor is a scavenger, feeding mainly on carrion. The magnificent Andean Condor (Vultur gryphus) is a lure to photographers, but getting photos of them has its challenges.Getting a shot of this adult male and female took some preparation. Nov 11, 2015 - Explore Cynthia Marrero's board "Andean Condor" on Pinterest. The Importance of Scavengers Since Andean Condor is a vulture, you can guess that most of its diet will be Carrion (dead, decaying meat). NEST (SCRAPE) IN SHALLOW CAVES ON CLIFF LEDGES. When the carcass is large, they tend to feed mainly on soft body parts and viscera, which basically means the guts. Conservationists and subsistence farmers recognize that carrion is an important part of the condor’s diet. The condor is part of the Inca trilogy, along with the snake and puma. It is the national bird of Bolivia, Chile, Colombia and Ecuador. One or two bullets are not particularly harmful, but multiple bullets across multiple carcasses cause lead poisoning. Specifically they feed on carrion which is the remains of dead animals. This species is the largest living raptor (eagles, hawks, vultures, condors) in the world, and the largest flighted bird in South America. Ongeveer 70% van de totale wijngaarden van Argentinië liggen in Mendoza. While both diets utilize similar food items, one includes the provision of beef spleen. Andean Condors generally feed on large carrion, such as the remains of deer, cow, sheep, and the like, though they will eat smaller animals when they can find them. This is no surprise, as such large birds are quite imposing and awe inspiring. They use their sharp, curved beaks and claws to remove meat from carcasses or weak animals. Spleen is high in minerals and some water-soluble vitamins. Top Answer. Because of this, these birds perform a very important environmental function, a kind of natural clean-up crew. The wingspan measures around 2.49 – 3 meters (8.2 – 9.8 feet), with the highest wingspan of 3.4 m (11 feet) had also been reported. It is not unusual for a condor to search an area of about 200km (124 miles) a day to find their food. The average weight is 11.3 kg (25 lb). The Andean Condor has featured on many stamps, coins and bank notes and it is featured in the coats of arms of several Andean … These birds are massive, and simply cannot live in a household setting. Latitudinal patterns in the diet of Andean condor (Vultur gryphus) in Chile: Contrasting environments influencing feeding behavior Melanie Duclos, Pablo Sabat, Seth D. Newsome, Eduardo F. Pavez, Cristóbal Galbán-Malagón, Fabian M. Jaksic, Verónica Quirici For example, throughout their range in Argentina, they inhabit only the western border. ; These birds weigh about 7 – 14.1 kg (15 – 31) lbs, together with an average weight of 8 – 9 kg … Its chicks stay with its parents up to 2 years before … With a predominant nature of scavenger, Andean condor feeds on carrion, deer and cattle. Being monogamous by nature, these condors mate for life. 371 pellets (517 prey items), collected along 500 km in northwestern Patagonia, Argentina. Habitat of the Condor … The Andean condor (Vultur gryphus) is a South American bird in the New World vulture family Cathartidae and is the only member of the genus Vultur.Found in the Andes mountains and adjacent Pacific coasts of western South America, the Andean condor has a maximum wingspan of 3.2 m (10 ft 6 in) exceeded only by the … The Andean and California Condors are quite big in size, can fly … California Condor Facts – Where Do California Condors Live? Their wingspan is a massive 10 ft. 10 in. They eat just about anything that they can find, including llamas, cows, sheep, deer, rheas, and even whales. Each species account is written by leading ornithologists and provides detailed information on bird distribution, migration, habitat, diet, sounds, behavior, breeding, current population status, and conservation. California condors have also been recorded feeding on rabbits, marine mammals, and fish. Condor attacks can be by a single individual or by a group of birds. However, these species also feed on large cadavers such as deer and farm animals. Condors prefer to feed on carcasses of large mammals. of the condors’ diet to determine which species are being consumed by condors, and to test whether native herbivores still have a role as a food source. Most of the food they eat is already dead, but scientists have seen them hunting small animals like rabbits and birds. These condors become mature after 5 to 6 years of age. The female Andean lays only a single egg per nesting, and they don’t necessarily nest each year. Andean condors have been documented traveling up to 150 miles a day in search of food. It is not unusual for a condor to search an area of about 200km (124 miles) a day to find their food. Over the last century, marine mammals have been dramatically reduced in the world's oceans. It flaps its wings on rising from the ground, but after attaining a moderate elevation it flaps its wings very rarely, relying on thermals to stay aloft. Most of the food they eat is already dead, but scientists have seen them hunting small animals like rabbitsand birds. See more ideas about Andean condor, Birds of prey, Pet birds. Their diet is mainly based on dead animals. Habitat destruction also impacts their ability to find food and build nests. Meet the Majestic Andean Condor, one of the world's largest flying bird, considered a sacred animal for the Incas. LAY 1 EGG – BOTH PARENTS INCUBATE EGG 56-62 DAYS. Their diverse adaptations help with the sourcing of food to live: The Condor's dominant size assists with driving off others such as smaller birds, who are at the food site first. Due to the weight and breadth of its wings it prefers windy areas where it can soar effortlessly, such as the warm uplifting air currents found … At the San Diego Zoo and San Diego Zoo Safari Park, the Andean condors get rats, rabbits, beef spleen, trout, and ground meat, depending on the day. Fully… Carnivorous, Piscivores. Although they are able to eat rancid meat, they prefer fresh food. The Andean condor was placed on the Endangered Species List in 1973 and is in danger of becoming extinct due primarily to over hunting. In some areas they will also feed … They often spot carrion by watching for other scavenger birds. Wild condors inhabit large territories, often traveling more than 200 km (100 miles) a day in search of carrion. To test this, we studied condor current and his-torical diet, and current movement patterns using two methodological approaches. This bird is monogamous and both parents incubate the egg. Zoo programs raise young condors under careful conditions, so that they can release them back into the wild to help bolster the population. Andean condors breed every other year (Lambertucci, 2007), and because we tracked birds that were reproductively active roosting also include nesting locations. across! In fact, some birds live as high as 18,000 ft. above sea level. Unlike vultures, which have an impeccable sense of smell, these condors rely heavily on sight to locate food. 8. Because the condors eat carcasses, when hunters shoot an animal using lead bullets, the condors often end up eating the bullets. The scientists found that in the past, marine mammals made up one-third of the Andean condor’s diet. They are carnivorous birds and utilize their excellent eye sight to spot prey from great distances. The color of the neck and head alters according the birds’ mood. Because they build their nests on cliffs or in small caves, they must live in close proximity to mountains or rocky outcrops. It is the largest raptor in the world. We studied Andean condor space use and diet under the hypothesis that the current spatial patterns of condors from the western Andes range in northwestern Patagonia (Chile) have been influenced by a historical, largely marine-based diet.

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